Oscar Wilde Biography

Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde (16 October 1854 – 30 November 1900) was an Irish writer and poet. After writing in different forms throughout the 1880s, he became one of London's most popular playwrights in the early 1890s. Today he is remembered for his epigrams, plays and the circumstances of his imprisonment, followed by his early death.
Wilde's parents were successful Dublin intellectuals, and their son showed his intelligence early by becoming fluent in French and German. At university Wilde read Greats; he proved himself to be an outstanding classicist, first at Dublin, then at Oxford. He became known for his involvement in the rising philosophy of aestheticism (led by two of his tutors, Walter Pater and John Ruskin), though he also profoundly explored Roman Catholicism, to which he would later convert on his deathbed. After university, Wilde moved to London into fashionable cultural and social circles. As a spokesman for aestheticism, he tried his hand at various literary activities: he published a book of poems, lectured in the United States of America and Canada on the new "English Renaissance in Art", and then returned to London where he worked prolifically as a journalist. Known for his biting wit, flamboyant dress, and glittering conversation, Wilde had become one of the most well-known personalities of his day.
At the turn of the 1890s, he refined his ideas about the supremacy of art in a series of dialogues and essays, and incorporated themes of decadence, duplicity, and beauty into his only novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray (1890). The opportunity to construct aesthetic details precisely, and combine them with larger social themes, drew Wilde to write drama. He wrote Salome (1891) in French in Paris but it was refused a licence. Unperturbed, Wilde produced four society comedies in the early 1890s, which made him one of the most successful playwrights of late Victorian London.
At the height of his fame and success, whilst his masterpiece, The Importance of Being Earnest (1895), was still on stage in London, Wilde sued the father of his lover, Lord Alfred Douglas, for libel. After a series of trials, Wilde was convicted of gross indecency with other men and imprisoned for two years, held to hard labour. In prison he wrote De Profundis (although written in 1897 it was first published in 1905), a long letter which discusses his spiritual journey through his trials, forming a dark counterpoint to his earlier philosophy of pleasure. Upon his release he left immediately for France, never to return to Ireland or Britain. There he wrote his last work, The Ballad of Reading Gaol (1898), a long poem commemorating the harsh rhythms of prison life. He died destitute in Paris at the age of forty-six.
 
 
Selected works

Poems (1881)
The Happy Prince and Other Stories (1888, fairy stories)
Lord Arthur Savile's Crime and Other Stories (1891, stories)
House of Pomegranates (1891, fairy stories)
Intentions (1891, essays and dialogues on aesthetics)
The Picture of Dorian Gray (first published in Lipincott's July 1890, in book form in 1891; novel)
The Soul of Man under Socialism (1891, political essay)
Lady Windermere's Fan (1892, play)
A Woman of No Importance (1893, play)
An Ideal Husband (performed 1895, published 1898; play)
The Importance of Being Earnest (performed 1895, published 1898; play)
De Profundis (written 1897, published variously 1905, 1908, 1949, 1962; epistle)
The Ballad of Reading Gaol (1898, poem)

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Oscar Wilde

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Poesia Consagrada/Biography Oscar Wilde Biografia 0 6.267 06/16/2011 - 02:12 Portuguese
Poesia Consagrada/Biography Oscar Wilde Biografia 0 2.685 06/16/2011 - 02:05 Spanish
Poesia Consagrada/Biography Oscar Wilde Biography 0 1.431 06/16/2011 - 02:00 English
Poesia Consagrada/Aphorism Oscar Wilde Aphorisms : Chastity is ... 0 1.565 06/16/2011 - 01:58 English
Poesia Consagrada/Aphorism Oscar Wilde Aphorisms : I sometimes think that God ... 0 1.195 06/16/2011 - 01:56 English
Poesia Consagrada/Aphorism Oscar Wilde Aphorisms : I like persons better than principles ... 0 1.086 06/16/2011 - 01:56 English
Poesia Consagrada/Aphorism Oscar Wilde Aphorisms : When you are young you think money is ... 0 1.173 06/16/2011 - 01:55 English
Poesia Consagrada/Aphorism Oscar Wilde Aphorisms : Some cause happiness wherever they go ... 0 1.988 06/16/2011 - 01:54 English
Poesia Consagrada/Aphorism Oscar Wilde Aphorisms : The only thing that men and women have in common is ... 0 1.135 06/16/2011 - 01:54 English
Poesia Consagrada/Aphorism Oscar Wilde Aphorisms : Between men and women there is ... 0 1.389 06/16/2011 - 01:53 English
Poesia Consagrada/Aphorism Oscar Wilde Aphorisms : I am not young enough to ... 0 1.213 06/16/2011 - 01:52 English
Poesia Consagrada/Aphorism Oscar Wilde Aphorisms : Marriage is ... 0 1.037 06/16/2011 - 01:51 English
Poesia Consagrada/Aphorism Oscar Wilde Aphorisms : A cynic is a man who knows ... 0 1.282 06/16/2011 - 01:50 English
Poesia Consagrada/Aphorism Oscar Wilde Aphorisms : I can resist everything except ... 0 1.193 06/16/2011 - 01:49 English
Poesia Consagrada/Aphorism Oscar Wilde Aphorisms : The only way to get rid of a temptation is ... 0 1.125 06/16/2011 - 01:48 English
Poesia Consagrada/Aphorism Oscar Wilde Aphorisms : The pure and simple truth is ... 0 1.396 06/16/2011 - 01:47 English
Poesia Consagrada/Aphorism Oscar Wilde Aphorisms : A little sincerity is ... 0 1.170 06/16/2011 - 01:47 English
Poesia Consagrada/Aphorism Oscar Wilde Aphorisms : To love oneself is ... 0 1.101 06/16/2011 - 01:46 English
Poesia Consagrada/Aphorism Oscar Wilde Aphorisms : No great artist ever sees things as they really are ... 0 1.131 06/16/2011 - 01:44 English
Poesia Consagrada/Aphorism Oscar Wilde Aphorisms : A grand passion is the privilege ... 0 1.571 06/16/2011 - 01:39 English
Poesia Consagrada/Aphorism Oscar Wilde Aphorisms : Life is ... 0 1.100 06/16/2011 - 01:38 English
Poesia Consagrada/Aphorism Oscar Wilde Aphorisms : Long engagements give people ... 0 1.099 06/16/2011 - 01:37 English
Poesia Consagrada/Aphorism Oscar Wilde Aphorisms : When a man has once loved a woman ... 0 1.124 06/16/2011 - 01:36 English
Poesia Consagrada/Aphorism Oscar Wilde Aphorisms : Men marry because they are ... 0 1.099 06/16/2011 - 01:35 English
Poesia Consagrada/Aphorism Oscar Wilde Aphorisms : Each time that one loves is ... 0 1.033 06/16/2011 - 01:35 English